Fishes in Kerala – Prawns and Shrimps found in Kerala

Prawn is a highly priced and delicious food item. Due to its high pricing, exporting of prawn has become a big industry in Kerala providing jobs to many. There are many firms in Kerala involved with the processing and exporting of prawns. In scientific classification prawns belong to the category arthropods whereas fishes belong to the category pisces.

Difference between prawns and shrimps

In literature the term prawn represents species of the freshwater family Palaemonidae (konch) and shrimp represents marine  family penaeidae (chemmeen). But in common usage both the terms shrimp and prawn is interchangeably used. The larger species are commonly referred to as prawns(konch) and smaller ones as shrimp (chemmeen). Shrimps and prawns are actually distinguished by the structure of gills, their respiratory organs. A few species of freshwater shrimps are also found.

Shrimps(penaeids) found in Kerala

Most of these species have to spend a brief time at the estuaries to complete their life cycle.

1. Common name : Indian white prawn
Scientific name : Penaeus indicus
Malayalam : Naran, vella chemmeen

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2. Common name : Black tiger prawn, Giant Tiger Prawn
Scientific name : Penaeus monodon
Malayalam : Kara chemmeen

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3. Common name : Kadal Shrimp
Scientific name : Metapenaeus dobsoni
Malayalam : Thelly chemeen(small ones), Poovalan chemeen, Kadachemeen

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4. Common name : Jinga Shrimp
Scientific name : Metapenaeus affinis
Malayalam : Kazhanthan, Kalanthan

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5. Common name : Kiddi shrimp
Scientific name : Parapenaeopsis stylifera
Malayalam : Karikkadi

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6. Common name : Speckled shrimp
Scientific name : Metapenaeus monoceros
Malayalam : Choodan

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7. Common name : Green tiger prawn
Scientific name : Penaeus semisulcatus
Malayalam : Kuzhikara

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8. Common name : Coastal mud shrimp, Red prawn
Scientific name : Solenocera Crassicornis

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9. Common name : Arabian red shrimp, Scarlet shrimp
Scientific name : Aristeus alcocki

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10. Common name : Humpback Nylon Shrimp
Scientific name : Heterocarpus gibbosus

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11. Common name : Indian Nylon Shrimp
Scientific name : Heterocarpus woodmasoni

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12. Common name : Oriental narwal shrimp
Scientific name : Parapandalus spinipes

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13. Common name : Rice Velvet Shrimp
Scientific name : Metapenaeopsis andamanensis

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Prawns found in Kerala
14. Common name : Giant river prawn, Giant freshwater prawn
Scientific name : Macrobrachium rosenbergii
Malayalam : Attukonchu

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15. Common name : Sunset Shrimp
Scientific name : Macrobrachium idella, Macrobrachium idae

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16. Common name : Needlenose caridina
Scientific name : Caridina gracilirostris

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17. Common name : Hairy river prawn
Scientific name : Macrobrachium rude

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18. Common name : Roshma prawn
Scientific name : Exopalaemon styliferus

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Error searches: Attukonch, Thelli, Karikadi, Naaran chemeen, Attu konchu, Puvalan, Kaara chemmeen, Aattu konch, Poovaalan, kadachemmeen, Kadachemeen, Chudan, Kuzhikaara.

3 Replies to “Fishes in Kerala – Prawns and Shrimps found in Kerala”

  1. I've got a Giant River Prawn in my fresh water aquarium.The purpose keeping this prawn is to use as scavenger.so i want to know which shrimp or prawn is good for my freshwater planted aquarium

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